Vaginal Cyst – Symptoms
Vaginal Cysts don’t usually show symptoms. However, you may have developed a Vaginal Cyst if you experience one or more of the following signs –
- Feeling a small lump along the vaginal lining or on the vaginal lips
- Some discomfort while walking, placing tampons or during intercourse
- Swelling or bleeding in your vagina
- Difficulty in urination
Vaginal Cyst – Causes
There are several different types of Vaginal Cysts. These include Inclusion cysts, Bartholin’s gland cysts, Gartner’s duct cysts and Müllerian cysts. Each of these differs in its location and cause of cyst formation.
You may develop cysts due to the following reasons:
- Injury to vaginal walls during child-birth
- Injury to vaginal walls during a surgery
- Collection of fluid in ducts that form on vaginal walls during pregnancy
Vaginal Cyst – Diagnosis
A Vaginal Cyst is usually discovered during an annual visit to a gynaecologist. You may need further diagnosis to check whether it is benign.
- A physical exam by your doctor is absolutely essential for determining the type of cyst.
- In case you develop a cyst under your bladder or urethra, you may need CT scans or an MRI to check if the cyst-growth has extended into the organs.
- A biopsy may be done to check if the cyst is cancerous (usually done for females over age 40)
Vaginal Cyst – Treatment
Your doctor may just recommend routine check-ups to monitor the size and growth of the Vaginal Cyst. Along with this, the other lines of treatment that can be followed in case complications occur are:
- Medication – You may be prescribed antibiotics if the cyst gets infected.
- Marsupialisation – In case your cyst is filled with fluid (Bartholin cyst), this procedure is performed. A small incision may be made to open the cyst and drain out the fluid. The edges are then sutured to form a permanent “pocket” that allows easy draining.
- Cyst Removal Surgery – If you are facing extreme discomfort or if your cyst is recurrent or cancerous, you may have the entire cyst removed via a surgery. Usually after surgery, the cyst does not recur.
Vaginal Cyst – Risks & Complications
Vaginal Cysts are usually harmless and don’t necessarily cause pain. They are more likely to cause pain if they get infected.
Infection can be caused by common bacteria present on your skin. Vaginal Cysts may be also get affected by a sexually transmitted infection. Infected cysts can form a pus-filled lump which can then be very painful.
Complications after Marsupialisation or Vaginal Cyst removal surgery include bleeding, infection and recurrence of cyst.
Vaginal Cyst – Pre Op Care
- Inform the doctor about all your symptoms.
Vaginal Cyst – Post Op Care
- Take Sitz baths in warm water for about 15 minutes multiple times a day.
- Wear sanitary pads for few weeks to absorb drainage from the surgery wound.
- Keep the area around the wound clean and dry.
- Inform the doctor if you have pus or swelling where the cyst was drained.
- Inform the doctor if you have a fever.