Tonsillitis – Symptoms
Although not necessary, Tonsillitis is the most common in children between 3-15 years of age. Common signs and symptoms of Tonsillitis include:
- Redness or swelling in tonsils
- White or yellow patches on tonsils
- Difficulty or pain while swallowing
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
- Bad breath
- Sore throat
- Stiffness in neck
Common indicators of Tonsillitis in young children, who may not be able to communicate clearly about how they are feeling, include:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Unusual fussiness
If the patient experiences any of these symptoms, or if your child has been showcasing any of these warnings signs, schedule an appointment with a doctor immediately.
Tonsillitis – Causes
Tonsillitis is usually caused by common viruses. However, it can occur due to bacterial infection as well. Strep bacteria are the most common cause of infection.
Tonsils are the immune system’s first line of defense & hence are the most vulnerable towards infection and inflammation. Also, as children are more exposed to germs and are in close contact with peers, they are more susceptible to tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis – Diagnosis
Tonsillitis can be diagnosed properly by your doctor by:
- Physical examination
- Throat swab test
- Blood Test for CBC count
Tonsillitis – Treatment
Tonsillitis can be treated with surgical as well as non-surgical approach, depending on the severity of the case.
- At-home care and home remedies can promote better recovery from tonsillitis when the infection is caused by virus. When trying to recover from Tonsillitis at home, it is important to:
- Get plenty of rest and sleep
- Stay hydrated with lots of fluids
- Intake of comforting food and warm water
- Salt-water gargle
- Doctor prescribed medication to manage throat pain and fever
- Antibiotics can help treat tonsillitis caused by bacterial infection. It is important to complete the antibiotic dosage as prescribed by the doctor even if all the symptoms of Tonsillitis seem to have cleared up. Not completing the course of antibiotics can lead to worsening of infection and cause it to spread in other parts of the body.
- Tonsillitis Treatment Surgery, to remove the tonsils is usually required when there is a frequent recurrence of tonsillitis or when the infection fails to respond positively to any other medication of for of treatment.
Tonsillitis – Risks & Complications
Tonsillectomy or Tonsillitis treatment surgery is a low risk surgery and can eliminate a lot of risks associated with the infection. However there are a few complications that can arise after surgery in rare cases:
- Reaction to anaesthesia
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle soreness
- Swelling of the tongue and the roof of the mouth, leading to difficulty in breathing
If the patient experiences any of the above mentioned symptoms, get in touch with your doctor immediately.
Tonsillitis – Pre Op Care
- Inform your doctor about all the medication and supplements the patient is under
- Inform the doctor about any family history of bleeding disorders
- Inform the doctor about your the patient’s allergy to any medication or anaesthesia
- Do not eat or drink anything after midnight on the day before the surgery
Tonsillitis – Post Op Care
- Take pain management medication as directed by the doctor
- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
- Eat bland food that is easy to chew and swallow. Food that is hard, crunchy or spicy food can cause bleeding.
- Take proper rest and avoid strenuous activities