Piles – Symptoms
The signs and symptoms for Piles or Haemorrhoids, depend upon the type.
- External Haemorrhoids – Located under the skin and around the anus:
- Itching in the anal region
- Pain and swelling around the anus
- Internal Haemorrhoids – Located inside the rectum. Does not cause discomfort, but straining while passing stools can lead to:
- Painless bleeding
- Pain due to a haemorrhoid protruding into the anal opening
- Thromboses Haemorrhoids – Blood collects in an external haemorrhoid and forms a clot, resulting in:
- Severe pain
- Swelling and inflammation
- A hard lump near the anus
Piles – Causes
Piles can develop from stretched veins in the lower rectum if they are under increased pressure due to –
- Regular straining during bowel movements or heavy lifting
- Being seated on the toilet seat for a long time
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation
- Anal intercourse
- A low-fiber diet
The risk of piles increases with age because the tissues that support the rectal and anal veins usually weaken with time. This can also occur in pregnant women because of the pressure exerted on the anal region due to the baby’s weight.
Piles – Diagnosis
A visual inspection of the anus may be enough to examine external haemorrhoids. Internal haemorrhoids might require an examination of the anal canal and rectum. This may be done via –
- Digital examination – The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel for any unusual growths.
- Visual inspection – The doctor might examine the lower portion of the colon and rectum with an anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidoscope.
A colonoscopy test may also be ordered in case there is a possibility of other digestive system diseases or risk of colorectal cancer.
Advanced Laser Treatment for Piles
Laser Treatment is a modern day care procedure for piles which results in very high success rates compared to other forms of treatment.
In Laser Hemorrhoidectomy, laser or infrared infrared light or heat is used to harden and shrink the piles or hemorrhoids.
This is the most advanced treatment for piles for the following reasons:
- Painless treatment – The treatment is done without painful cuts and wounds to the body and with minimal blood loss
- Fast recovery – The patient can resume normal work in 2 days after a laser treatment
- No Recurrence – The chances of piles coming back are less than 1%
- Immediately Visible Results – The pile mass is visibly shrunk by over 40% during the process itself
- High success rates – Compared to other forms of treatment, laser-assisted hemorrhoidectomy has the highest success rates
Home treatments for Piles
Can often relieve mild pain, swelling and inflammation of piles. They include:
- Eating high-fiber foods.
- Applying over-the-counter haemorrhoid cream or using pads containing a numbing agent.
- Soaking the anal region in warm water for 10-15 minutes few times per day.
- Taking oral pain relievers to temporarily relieve discomfort.
Laser Piles – Risks & Complications
Laser Hemorrhoidectomy have complications in very rare cases and are generally considered quite safe. The only risk associated may include risk from reaction with anesthesia.
Piles – Pre Op Care
- Inform your doctor about ongoing medication and supplements.
- Avoid eating or drinking anything at least 6 hours before surgery.
- You will be given enema to clear bowels before the surgery.
- The skin around the anal region is shaved clean of any hair.
Piles – Post Op Care
- Take the prescribed medications and pain killers as directed.
- Drink plenty of water to avoid getting dehydrated or constipated.
- Consume fiber-rich food.
- Ice packs may be used to relieve pain and swelling.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights for 5 to 7 days.