Hysteroscopy – Symptoms
A patient may be prescribed a Hysteroscopy in the presence of any one of these symptoms:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Unusual change in the menstrual flow
- Trouble getting pregnant
- More than one miscarriage
- Presence of fibroids, polyps, or scarring
Hysteroscopy can be used as an operative procedure as well as a diagnostic procedure.
Hysteroscopy – Causes
Hysteroscopy may need to be performed in any of the below mentioned cases:
- Removal of fibroids or polyps is required
- Malformation of the uterus, known as Uterine Septum
- Visual confirmation or further diagnosis is required
- Abnormal bleeding during or between menstrual cycle
- Bleeding after menopause
- Removal of a tissue sample of the uterus lining for further analysis or diagnosis
- Complications in conceiving
- More than one miscarriage
Hysteroscopy – Diagnosis
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that helps evaluate and treat a number of gynaecological conditions. This procedure helps in cases of abnormal bleeding, analysis & removal of products of conception after miscarriage or birth, removal of fibroids or polyps, or anatomical abnormalities of the uterus.
Hysteroscopy – Treatment
Hysteroscopy can be done under both local as well as general anaesthesia. The hysteroscope is gently inserted into your uterus, through the cervix. The doctor can then get a clear view of the uterus lining and the fallopian tubes.
This treatment is extremely helpful for doctors to be able to assess and diagnose various conditions related to the female genital tract.
Hysteroscopy – Risks & Complications
Hysteroscopy is a low risk procedure. However, some complications that may arise in rare cases include –
- Reaction to the anesthesia
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
- Damage or tearing of the cervix
- Damage to surrounding organs
- Reaction to the gas/fluid pushed into the uterus during the procedure
If a patient experiences fever/chills, severe abdominal pain, or heavy bleeding after the procedure, schedule an appointment with your doctor immediately.
Hysteroscopy – Pre Op Care
Hysteroscopy is usually not an emergency procedure, which gives the patient an opportunity to prepare for a seamless procedure and an effective recovery.
- Ensure you have someone to drive you back after the procedure
- Avoid smoking for a few days leading up to the procedure, especially if you’re going to under general anesthesia
- Avoid eating and drinking for a few hours before the procedure if you’re going to be under general anesthesia
- Wear comfortable and loose clothing
Apart from these, your doctor will provide you with a list of dos and don’ts and prescribe necessary tests to be undertaken before the procedure.
Hysteroscopy – Post Op Care
For a few days after the procedure, you may experience mild cramping, mild bleeding, nausea, or lightheadedness. Also, your doctor will prescribe you medication for pain management if necessary. Apart from this, your doctor will provide you with all the dos and don’ts for after the procedure.