Many times, a Hernia just shows up without any warning signs or symptoms. However, some common indicators of a hernia are:
The primary cause of Hernia is pressure or stress on a particular organ. At times, when pressure is exerted in the area of a weakened muscle or tissue, the organ protrudes out through the muscle/tissue, resulting in a hernia.
Some people are born with weak muscles or tissue that is underdeveloped. However, for most people, hernia is a result of aging body and weakening muscles. You also can get a hernia, or worsen an existing one by:
Diagnosis for Hernia involves:
Hernia can be treated with both surgical as well as non-surgical methods, depending on the severity of the case.
The need for a Hernia Repair Surgery can be minimised with the help of:
If the hernia does not improve or worsens despite these measures, your doctor may prescribe surgery. In surgery, the doctor repositions the herniated tissue and repairs the damaged wall by a synthetic mesh.
A hernia surgery can be both, an Open Surgery or a Laparoscopic Surgery. A laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive, needs a small incision and has aa faster recovery. An open surgery needs a bigger incision and relatively longer recovery time.
It must be noted that in babies, umbilical hernias may heal themselves within four years, making surgery unnecessary.
Although it is possible to live with an untreated hernia, it will always pose a serious risk of strangulation, i.e. cutoff of blood supply, to the protruding organ, which can be life threatening.
Although Hernia treatment is a low risk surgery, some of the rare complications include:
A hernia must be given medical attention at the earliest. Although not always dangerous, in rare cases it can lead to life-threatening complications if not treated in time.
Hernia repair surgeries are generally safe, but there may be risks of infection, numbness at the surgery site or recurrence of hernia.
Recovery time may range from 1 to 3 weeks depending on the type of hernia and type of procedure chosen.
If you undergo minimally invasive surgery you may be able to go home the same day. For more complex procedures you may have to stay in the hospital for 5-7 days.
A hernia belt may be a safe and and an effective option, but only if directed by a physician. However surgery is still best to avoid an emergency situation.