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ACL Tear Treatment in Kolkata

ACL Tear is a sprain of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). This injury mostly occurs during sports or other fitness activities that exert stress on the knee.

This tear may cause your knee to swell, feel unstable and become too painful to bear weight.
Depending on the extent of injury, treatment may include rest, rehabilitation exercises or surgery to replace the torn ligament.

Duration: 2 – 2.5 hrs

Hospitalization: 0 days

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ACL Tear – Symptoms

An ACL Tear usually occurs while playing sports. If you experience one or more of the below symptoms, you may have an ACL Tear-

  • A popping sound in your knee
  • Severe knee pain
  • Tenderness in the knee joint
  • Rapid swelling in the knee
  • Difficulty in any knee movement
  • Instability while walking or standing
  • Not being able to bear the body-weight on the knee

ACL Tear – Causes

A sudden change in direction can stress and damage the ACL ligament. That is why ACL injuries most commonly occur while playing sports like soccer, basketball, football, downhill skiing or gymnastics where there may be one or more of the following –

  • landing awkwardly from a jump
  • pivoting with your foot firmly planted
  • sudden slowing or stopping
  • receiving a hard blow on the knee

There are certain factors that may increase your risk of an ACL Tear.  These may include –

  • Using footwear that doesn’t fit you well
  • Using poorly maintained sports equipment
  • Playing on artificial turf surfaces

Females are at a higher risk of having an ACL Tear than men, possibly due to differences in anatomy, muscle strength and hormones.

ACL Tear – Diagnosis

Your doctor will perform a physical exam to check your knee for swelling or tenderness and compare your injured knee to the uninjured one.

The doctor may also move your knee in different directions to assess the range of motion of the joint. Often this is the only diagnosis needed for an ACL Tear.

However, in order to determine the severity of the injury, further tests may be ordered –

  • X-ray – to detect any bone fracture
  • MRI – to show the extent of your ACL injury as well as signs of damage to knee cartilages
  • Ultrasound – to detect injuries in the ligaments, tendons and muscles of the knee.

ACL Tear – Treatment

In case your ACL Tear is minor, you may only need at-home care which includes –

  • Taking rest
  • Applying ice on your knees every 2 hours
  • Taking prescribed anti-inflammation medicines
  • Wearing a compression wrap around the knee
  • Lying down with your leg placed over pillows.

Your doctor may recommend you to undergo physical therapy to strengthen knee muscles and restore its full range of motion.

Surgery to treat the torn ACL i.e. ACL reconstruction surgery will be recommended only if:

  • You are an athlete and want to continue playing your sport
  • Multiple structures in your knee are injured
  • The injury is causing your knee to give away during routine activities

In this surgery, the damaged ligament is reconstructed using a graft taken from your own body.

After surgery, you will be required to undergo a rehabilitation process to increase range of motion in the joint, strengthen the knee muscles, protect the new ligament and stabilize the knee.

ACL Tear – Risks & Complications

Having an ACL Tear can put you at a higher risk of developing arthritis of that knee.

If the torn ACL is left untreated, the tibia and femur bone can rub against each other and this friction may cause damage to the knee cartilage.

Even after ACL reconstruction surgery, you may face certain complications including –

  • infection
  • blood clots
  • knee pain when kneeling down or crouching
  • swelling in the replaced ligament
  • long-term knee weakness and stiffness
  • failure of the newly grafted ligament and knee instability ( relatively uncommon)

ACL Tear – Pre Op Care

  • Inform your doctor about all ongoing medications.
  • Inform the doctor if you use dentures, tooth cap or plate. (a tube may be put down your throat to aid breathing during the surgery, and any loose teeth could be dangerous)

ACL Tear – Post Op Care

  • Take enough rest.
  • You may use crutches to walk.
  • Avoid any movement that strains the knee.
  • Keep your legs elevated on 1-2 pillows placed under the foot or calf muscle. Ensure that the knee is not bent.
  • You may need special elastic bands on your legs to prevent blood clots.
  • Inform the doctor if you have redness, pain, swelling, or yellowish discharge from the surgery wound.
  • Perform the recommended post-operative exercises.
  • Start physiotherapy within 1-2 weeks of surgery.
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Frequently Asked Questionss

Can a partial ACL tear heal by itself?

No, the ACL cannot heal by itself because there is no blood supply to this ligament. You must undergo immediate non-surgical or surgical procedures to avoid complications.

What are the risks of ACL reconstruction surgery?

ACL reconstruction surgery has a few associated risks which include infection, blood clots, swelling of the newly grafted ligament and long-term knee stiffness.

What is the recovery time after ACL reconstruction surgery?

Generally, you may require 6-9 months to recover and return to normal activity. Athletes may require a year or more before it is safe for them to return to play.

How long will I have to stay in the hospital after an ACL reconstruction surgery?

ACL reconstruction surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure i.e. you may return home on the same day immediately after the surgery.

What we Offer

  • Standard Surgery packages
  • All major insurances / TPAs covered & smooth claim clearance
  • Hassle free hospital admission and discharge
  • 24/7 Aroga assistance on call and at hospital
  • Post-surgery consultation and support
  • COVID19 safety measures in place

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